Research and Reference
A) First steps / Methodology
|First, gather what you’ll need:
Now you’re ready to start…
1) Identify your topic; what do you already know? Write it down.
What questions do you need to answer?
2) Where can you look for the information you need? Make a list.
|3) Locate and write down information:Use our library–use the automated catalog, browse the shelves, use
encyclopedias, magazines Use other libraries–Curtis Memorial Library, etc.Look for magazine articles in MARVEL Use other local sources–the Pejebscot Historical Society, Bowdoin College, Maine State Library, etc
Use the Internet (see USING THE INTERNET FOR RESEARCH)
4) Take notes–keep track of your research, write down citations as you use them
5) Write out your rough draft / sloppy copy
6) Edit, rewrite, Final draft
8) Evaluate–what worked well, what didn’t; which resources were helpful? What could you do differently next time?
B) USING THE INTERNET FOR RESEARCH
The Internet can be a wonderful source of information, but it is often a mess of useless, inaccurate, outdated, disorganized information. Use safe sites–check out the accuracy and authority of any site you use–before you waste time on it (URL’s with .edu denote an education site; .gov denotes a government site–both of which are more likely to be accurate and reliable. And check out the links below.
|Check out the Brunswick Elementary sheet for EVALUATING WEB SITES|
(developed by the Flemington-Raritan
How to tell if you are looking at a great web site?
C) COPYRIGHT ISSUES AND REFERENCES
Remember that you CANNOT copy what you find on
someone’s Web Page word for word! It is called plagiarism, and it is illegal to
copy someone’s work without their permission. Below are some links to help you decide what you can use from the Internet, and how.
What is plagiarism? (READ THIS)
Keeping it Legal:
Questions Arising out of Web Site Management by Jamie McKenzie (From Now On)
FAIR USE GUIDELINES FOR EDUCATORS
D) Other Sources
On-Line Reference Sources
Internet search directories that provide appropriate web links for kids.
Ask Jeeves for Kids http://www.ajkids.com
Kids Internet Public Library
MARVEL Magazine Index-Primary Search
Here is a Sample Bibliography and the papers used in library class to help you learn how to set up your bibliography in fourth grade.